Powdery mildew on cucumbers – how to deal with folk remedies and chemistry

Содержание
  1. Organic Ways to Kill and Prevent White Powdery Mildew
  2. 2. Milk
  3. 4. Vinegar
  4. 5. Baking Soda
  5. 7. Sulfur
  6. 8. Copper Fungicides
  7. Do Not Crowd Plants
  8. Do Not Grow Susceptible Plants in the Shade
  9. Dispose of Infected Leaves and Stems
  10. Water the Soil, Not the Plants
  11. Buy Mildew-Resistant Varieties
  12. Powdery Mildew on Cannabis Plants: 11 Ways to Kill it!
  13. What is Powdery Mildew?
  14. Cause of Powdery Mildew on Cannabis
  15. Prevent mildew 
  16. How to get rid of Powdery Mildew on Marijuana
  17. Natural Remedies
  18. Natural Organic Products
  19. UV Light
  20. How to remove powdery mildew on buds
  21. Final Thoughts
  22. How to Treat Powdery Mildew on Plants
  23. What Is Powdery Mildew?
  24. What Causes Powdery Mildew on Plants?
  25. Is Powdery Mildew Dangerous?
  26. Which Plants and Vegetables Are Most Susceptible?
  27. Can Powdery Mildew Spread to Other Plants?
  28. How Can I Prevent Powdery Mildew?
  29. How to Treat Powdery Mildew
  30. Why Choose Safer® Brand?
  31. Powdery Mildew: Cause, Identification, Prevention, and Treatment
  32. What is Powdery Mildew?
  33. How to Identify Powdery Mildew
  34. What Causes Powdery Mildew?
  35. 1. Shady Locations
  36. 2. Improper Air Flow
  37. 3. Water and Humidity
  38. Which Plants Are at Risk of Powdery Mildew?
  39. How to Prevent Powdery Mildew
  40. 1. Choose Resistant Varieties
  41. 2. Proper Watering Techniques
  42. 3. Pruning
  43. 4. Fungicides
  44. 5. Mulching
  45. 6. Milk and Whey
  46. 7. Compost Tea
  47. 8. Companion Planting
  48. 9. Staking Plants
  49. How to Treat Powdery Mildew
  50. 1. Rub the Leaves Together
  51. 3. Fungicide
  52. How to deal with powdery mildew in cucumbers: chemical preparations and folk remedies
  53. What is powdery mildew?
  54. Powdery Mildew Conditions
  55. Signs of powdery mildew
  56. Powdery Mildew Control Methods
  57. Use of chemical agents
  58. The use of folk techniques
  59. Baking soda
  60. Use of copper sulfate
  61. The solution of mullein and whey
  62. Decoctions of plants
  63. Garlic application
  64. Other means for powdery mildew
  65. Prevention

Organic Ways to Kill and Prevent White Powdery Mildew

Powdery mildew on cucumbers - how to deal with folk remedies and chemistry

As a former landscaper, I have seen a lot of plant diseases. One of the easiest ones to recognize is powdery mildew; it looks just its name. The mildew will form a white or gray powdery film on a plant's leaves, stems, and fruit.

Powdery mildew is a fungal disease caused by the many varieties of the fungi that belong to the order Erysiphales. The fungus thrives in warm, humid environments, and overwinters in the soil.

The mildew forms spores that spread through wind, insects, and water run-off, which carries the disease to other plants.

According to the Arizona Cooperative Extension, “Un most fungi, spores germinate on the surface of plant parts without the presence of free water.”

•When treating your plants, make sure the leaves are coated liberally with the solution.

•Reapply weekly unless otherwise specified on a product's label.

  1. Potassium bicarbonate
  2. Milk
  3. Neem oil
  4. Vingar
  5. Baking soda
  6. Garlic
  7. Sulfer
  8. Copper fungicides

Potassium bicarbonate is a safe, effective fungicide that kills spores on contact. baking soda, it is also a great preventative treatment because it raises the pH level above 8.3—an alkaline environment that is not ideal for fungal growth.

How to Use:

Mix 3 tbsp. of potassium bicarbonate, 3 tbsp. vegetable oil, and 1/2 tsp. soap into a gallon of water. Spray onto affected plants.

2. Milk

Numerous studies have shown milk and/or whey to be even more effective at killing powdery mildew than chemical fungicides.

In a 2009 study by the University of Connecticut, which tested a milk treatment of 40% milk and 60% water on plants infected with powdery mildew, “the milk treatment provided significantly less disease than the untreated control, and the chemical treatment had equal or significantly less disease than the milk.” Scientists are not sure why milk is so effective, but they believe that when milk interacts with the sun, it produces free radicals that are toxic to the fungus.

2 Ways to Use:

  • Mix 60 parts water with 40 parts milk or whey, and spray onto the affected plants bi-weekly. You can even use whole milk without dilution for a strong effect.
  • Mix 1 oz. powdered milk to 2 liters of water, and spray onto affected plants bi-weekly.

Milk may be more effective at killing powdery mildew than even chemical products.

Neem oil is made from the seeds and fruit of the evergreen neem tree, and it is powerful enough to kill powdery mildew in less than 24 hours. The oil works by disrupting the plant's metabolism and stopping spore production. Neem oil is also a great insecticide and since spores can be carried by bugs, this oil is a great preventative treatment as well.

How to Use:

Mix 3 tbsp. of neem oil to one gallon of water, and spray onto affected plants every 7-14 days. Take precautions to avoid sunburning the leaves, and avoid spraying the plant's buds and flowers.

4. Vinegar

The acetic acid in apple cider vinegar is very effective in killing powdery mildew. Take care to not make the mixture too strong as the acidity of the vinegar can burn plant leaves.

Mix 4 tbsp. of vinegar (5% solution) with 1 gallon of water. Reapply every three days.

5. Baking Soda

Baking soda has a pH of 9, which is very high! Treating with baking soda raises the pH level on the plants and creates a very alkaline environment that kills fungus. There have been mixed reports of success when using baking soda to treat severe cases, so it may be better as a preventative treatment than a fungicide.

How to Use:

  1. Mix 1 tbsp. of baking soda and 1/2 tsp. liquid hand soap with one gallon of water.
  2. Spray solution on affected leaves, and dispose of any remaining solution.
  3. Do not apply during daylight hours. It may be best to test one or two leaves to see if the solution will cause the plant to suffer sunburn.

Baking soda's high pH creates a high alkaline environment that is unsuitable for fungi.

Garlic has a high sulfur content and is an effective anti-fungicide. Garlic oil can be bought commercially if you do not wish to make the solution at home. It works best when added to organic oil mixtures.

How to Use:

  1. Crush six cloves of garlic and add to one ounce of an organic oil such as neem oil and one ounce of rubbing alcohol. Let set for two days
  2. Strain and retain the liquid and crushed garlic.
  3. Soak the garlic again (this time in one cup of water for a day). Strain out and dispose of the crushed garlic.
  4. Add the oil and alcohol mixture and garlic water to one gallon of water.
  5. Spray your plants, coating only the leaves.

7. Sulfur

Sulfur is a natural product that is very effective at preventing and controlling powdery mildew. Sulfur can be bought as a dust or as a liquid and can be added to sulfur vaporizers.

How to Use:

Follow the dosing instructions closely and wear gloves, eye protection, and a face mask. Avoid inhaling or coming into contact with the sulfur.

8. Copper Fungicides

Copper is a very effective fungicide, but it is very important to follow label directions closely. Too much copper will be detrimental to the plant and the soil.

Some ingredients, such as vinegar and baking soda, can cause sunburn to your plants. Ensure that plants are well-watered before applying and don't apply during daylight hours.

Powdery mildew on poinsettia plant. | Source

Preventing the spread and/or severity of powdery mildew is the most cost-effective way of dealing with the fungus. Powdery mildew thrives in temperatures 50-65 degrees Fahrenheit with humidity levels of 80-90 percent. To prevent powdery mildew from forming in the first place, avoid low-temperature, high-humidity environments.

Do Not Crowd Plants

Good air circulation ensures lower humidity levels, inhibiting the growth of powdery mildew. Crowded plants also provides too much shade for the lower leaves, which encourages fungi growth.

Do Not Grow Susceptible Plants in the Shade

Powdery mildew does not tolerate high temperatures. Direct sunlight helps stem the growth of mildew because the sun's strong rays kill spores before they can spread. Plants that are shaded much of the day will stay cooler, thus encouraging the growth of mildew.

Dispose of Infected Leaves and Stems

Never use infected plant leaves or fruit as mulch or compost. Trim off infected leaves and stems and dispose of them properly. If your municipality allows backyard fires, then burn the debris. If not, dispose of the debris according to your local plant disposal regulations.

Water the Soil, Not the Plants

While water itself will not encourage mildew growth, splashing the leaves with water will spread the spores. Run a hose to the base of your plants instead of using a sprinkler system.

Buy Mildew-Resistant Varieties

There are a large variety of hybrid plants that are resistant or tolerant to the growth of powdery mildew. The resistant plants will be less ly to develop the mildew. The tolerant plants will show fewer ill-effects of an infestation of the fungi.

Powdery mildew on pumpkin leaves, | Source

There are many forms of powdery mildew, and each is species specific. Grapes will suffer from the powdery mildew that affects only grapes, roses suffer from rose powdery mildew, and so on.

Although all plants can get the fungus, certain species are more susceptible to it. If your plant has a black sooty substance on its leaves, it may be sooty mold.

The mildew usually starts on a plant's lower leaves, and if the fungus is not treated it will spread over the entire plant. When the leaves become severely covered with the fungus, photosynthesis will be affected and leaves will yellow and drop off. As a result, the plant may become so stressed it will not flower and/or fruit with any vigor.

Источник: https://dengarden.com/gardening/Organic-Methods-of-Exterminating-Powdery-Mildew

Powdery Mildew on Cannabis Plants: 11 Ways to Kill it!

Powdery mildew on cucumbers - how to deal with folk remedies and chemistry

You walk into to your garden one day and notice some white spots and clumps on sections of your fan leaves on a couple marijuana plants.

On further inspection of a leaf, powder rubs off between your fingers.

If your wondering what it is? 

That’s powdery mildew on cannabis.

You might have noticed this elsewhere on plants in your home or nature. 

If not found quickly and stopped in its tracks can ruin your whole garden if not careful.

Let alone be an issue with your health.

Some growers have found out the hard way, I have heard some bad stories especially when the left untreated.

Not to fear we will look at what powdery mildew is and how to prevent and stop it from infecting your cannabis plants.

What is Powdery Mildew?

Image

A look into what Powdery Mildew is can be defined simply as a fungus disease of your marijuana plant.

The fungus will appear on the leaves and the stems of plants. 

More often the lower sections of the plant. 

But can appear on the upper part as well.

Plant mildew can start to infect the inside of the plant as well and can become systemic.

It not only infects cannabis plants but also affects all other species of plants from flowers to trees to fruit.

Powdery mildew reproduces on its own and will do forever.

Or until it is stopped, the fungus can be transmitted via wooly aphids in some cases.

If left untreated the plants will slowly break down with leaves turning yellow and curling up to slow deterioration, and eventually the leaves fall off.

!!!! This fungus can pose a risk to your health !

According to Harvard University

With possible ingestion through edibles and or inhalation from smoking powdery mildew in your herb.

Its definitely harmful to your health.

Which is dangerous, especially if you are using marijuana as your medicine!

Cause of Powdery Mildew on Cannabis

Before we can look into preventing powdery mildew, we must look at the cause of the problem.

The fungus is made up of spores which can travel in the air, animals or pets, clothing, human transfer or wet leaves. According to Penn State University.

  • Clones can have mildew hidden, when growers spray the cuttings before selling, you will not notice until two weeks later when the spray wears off!
  • High Humidity can play a huge factor in developing mildew anything over 60 percent humidity can significantly increase your chances of getting mildew.
  • Crowded Plants when plants are confined in tight spaces (sea of green) the cannot breathe and increases the humidity level in grow room.
  • Air Flow lack of fans in the grow room or grow tent. With no air you get a higher chance of humidity.
  • Rain and Dew when growing outdoors can linger on your cannabis plants leaves or buds when flowering.
  • Watering plants at night can also a problem by not letting the water evaporate enough causing high humidity especially when using a grow tent a growing in soil.
  • Not properly pruning your plants and allowing the buildup of excessive foliage in the undergrowth area of the plant.
  • Fans can be an issue if there is mildew detected as it is a spore and can be blown around by the oscillating fans in the grow room. Best to turn these off until the outbreak is under control if you can.

Prevent mildew 

By knowing the cause of the problem, it becomes a lot easier on preventing mildew from occurring in the first place.

It all comes down to the environment, humidity and giving your marijuana plants some space and keeping moisture levels at a minimum.

It is always good to invest in a small pocket microscope to check on your plants from time to time.  

To make sure you do not see any white spots on the leaves or any other issue involving your cannabis plants.

What to look for when trying to find powdery mildew

  • White Spots
  • Appears in clumps of white
  • Has a flour consistency
  • Looks white flour on the leaves
  • Can be yellow or gray from aphids

How to get rid of Powdery Mildew on Marijuana

There a few different types of treatment you can use to get rid of mildew on marijuana for good before it’s too late.

Some range from natural remedies used on house plants.

Others are from organic fungicides or foliar sprays.

One of the first steps to consider is just removing the leaves that are infected before moving on to other solutions.

Natural remedies are one to consider first over the commercial variety if you’re into saving a little bit of money and the outbreak is not that severe.

Natural Remedies

These solutions can be found around the house and are safe for leaves and buds.

Baking soda: one teaspoon per gallon of water

Spray solution on your leaves and buds. Check the next day, then spray twice on second day,wait one day if still around repeat

Apple Cider Vinegar: 2-3 teaspoons per gallon of water

Spray solution on your infected leaves. Check the next day, then spray twice on second day,wait one day if still around repeat

Milk  mix 1 part milk to 3 – 5 parts water

Spray solution on your leaves and buds. Check the next day, then spray twice on second day,wait one day if still around repeat

I have not tried the milk natural remedy but I have heard from other growers this method works well in the first stages.

One grower has reported he tried a milk solution and was successful.

Mix 400 ml milk to 600 ml water.

Leave the solution in container in the Sun for about an hour. Then spray your plants

Check out the comments for the science behind it.

Hydrogen Peroxide for mildew:  Use 1 tablespoon per gallon

Spray solution on your leaves and buds. Check the next day, then spray twice on second day,wait one day if still around repeat.

Potassium bicarbonatewhich is baking soda but is much stronger and will kill the spores of the mildew very quickly.

Once the outbreak is beyond manageable with natural remedies, then it means you must immediately move on to tested organic, safe foliar sprays to save your garden.

Natural Organic Products

Neem Oil  a natural and organic oil that comes from a neem tree in India.

It’s great for removing mildew. It also has additional benefits of being an insecticide and is great killing insects in the garden.

Four teaspoons per gallon of water.

Sm-90 for powdery mildew is  a natural product produced from plant oils is a great foliar spray to use to combat mildew and mold and can also enhance root growth.

Making this a great solution and can be used in multiple applications once the mildew is eliminated!

Green Cure Fungicide is for organic production and is made up of a Potassium bicarbonate that stops and prevents powdery mildew.

It’s also beneficial for all other fungus infection on your plants.

Green Cure has been tested in over 200 universities and is registered with the EPA

Safergro Mildew Cure is natural fungicide that is safe for organic food production and long lasting to control and prevent powdery mildew. 

Banish the name says it all.  This will literally banish any powdery mildew on your plants.

What’s really cool about his stuff is it works at the root of the fungicide.

Banish also creates a layer over the infected leaf to prevent mildew spots to germinate on contact with other leaves or plants.

This fungicide goes through a micronization process meaning it’s oils are shrunk down to 1 micron.

So Banish can really get at the mildew in it’s smallest form. You can use this funcide for treatment or even prevention. 

Safe for all fruits and vegetables also cannabis, made of all natural materiel it will also bio degrade from your plants and leaves over time as well.

Note : Banish is only available in the United States currently !

Check out the short video on it,

UV Light

UV Clean Light is a new technology to treat plants with UV light as a preventative measure and also in treatment for powdery mildew and botrtis from plants.

You can also clean your grow room walls with this light.  

The downside is they are really expensive , especially for the home grower.

UV clean light can definitely be used in a commercial or licensed produced grow operation.

How to remove powdery mildew on buds

I do not recommend consuming cannabis that has powdery mildew.

However there are some ways to wash your buds before you hang to remove white powdery mildew.

It feels a little strange to write about his but I saw it done by the legend Jorge Cervantes so I will say you may be able to remove some of the mold off the buds before drying.

This can be beneficial if you notice you have powdery mildew on youfr cannabis buds in late flower.
I know what about all of the trichomes ! Supposedly they remain.

Here’s how it’s done:

It’s really easy and all you need is,

  1. Water
  2. H2O2( hydrogen peroxide 3% solution)
  3. Bin or Container fro water at least 5 gallon size
  4. Drying Rack of some kind
  5. Fan

Ratio for a H2O2 bath for powdery mildew is about 1-1.2 oz. per gallon.

You put 6-8 oz of hydrogen peroxide in a container and then put in 5 gallons of water roughly.

Mix it around.

Then place your newly harvested weed branches and let them sit in the bath for 3 to 5 minutes.

You will see mildew and fungus move to the top of the water, then skim the top of the water to take the scum out.

Take them the water GENTLY .

Then wash them again in a clean bath , Jorge uses a hose I would probably give it to another clean just only water bath.

Next Hang the cleaned branches of colas on a rack.

Place a fan in front and let it air dry.

Make sure it is dry before hanging to dry in your designated dry room or tent.

Final Thoughts

A good rule of thumb is to stop the mildew before it happens.

The main thing is to make sure your garden has a favorable environment. That is the key to preventing powdery mildew on cannabis.

Have you had mildew on your marijuana plants?

Did you try these solutions and did they help let me know in the comments

Grow on my Friends

Источник: https://www.sensigarden.com/powdery-mildew-cannabis/

How to Treat Powdery Mildew on Plants

Powdery mildew on cucumbers - how to deal with folk remedies and chemistry

Though the weather across much of the country may indicate otherwise, spring is on the horizon.

That means it’s time to at least start thinking about what to plant in your garden this year and which types of diseases your plants may be susceptible to. Powdery mildew is a relatively common fungus that many plants can contract.

If you find powdery mildew on your plants, it’s not necessarily fatal, but you don’t want it hanging around. Fortunately, there are many options for powdery mildew treatment.

What Is Powdery Mildew?

Powdery mildew thrives in conditions opposite those where you would find ordinary mildew. Instead of liking wet and damp conditions, powdery mildew actually prefers warm and dry environments.

When it shows up, it’s often first thought to be dust or dirt and can be swept away with your finger – then it returns.

It appears as light white or gray spots on the tops and bottoms of the leaves, stems, new growth, flowers and even fruit or vegetables.

What Causes Powdery Mildew on Plants?

Powdery mildew forms when plant foliage is dry, lighting is low, temperatures are moderate and there is high humidity. Ideal conditions for powdery mildew growth is often during the late spring or early summer when evenings are still cool and somewhat humid, but the days are beginning to get warm.

Is Powdery Mildew Dangerous?

In many cases, powdery mildew is not fatal to the plant; instead, it’s more of an aesthetic issue.

However, if left untreated, powdery mildew can leech nutrients from the plant, eventually causing leaves to wither and yellow. This can make blooms unsightly and leave vegetables and fruits particularly vulnerable to sunburn.

Powdery mildew can eventually reduce the plant’s producing capacity and affect the flavors of fruits and vegetables.

Which Plants and Vegetables Are Most Susceptible?

There is a variety of powdery mildew species and they can affect different types of plants. While no plant is 100% immune, here are some plants that tend to be particularly susceptible.

Here are some fruits and vegetables where you would be most ly to find powdery mildew.

Note that this is not an all-inclusive list, so always keep a vigilant eye on your plants for signs of powdery mildew development.

Can Powdery Mildew Spread to Other Plants?

Powdery mildew spores are spread by the wind and can survive the winter in debris piles or on plants.

The good news is that just because you find it on one plant, it doesn’t mean all others nearby will be contaminated.

If you catch powdery mildew on zucchinis, roses or other plants, employ preventative measures, the ones listed below, to ensure your other plants are not in conditions favorable to its development.

How Can I Prevent Powdery Mildew?

One way to prevent powdery mildew is to plant mildew-resistant plant varieties. If that isn’t an option, though, here are some other steps to take:

  • Ensure there is enough spacing between your plants to provide enough airflow around all parts of the plant.
  • Don’t over fertilize your plants. New growth tends to be very susceptible to powdery mildew development.
  • Put plants where they will get enough light and avoid overly shady locations.
  • Make sure the soil can drain properly. Inadequate drainage can make soil a breeding ground for disease-causing organisms.
  • Use compost to boost the nutrient levels in the soil, which will in turn increase beneficial microorganism populations.
  • Keep plants properly maintained by removing any dead or diseased foliage and stems.
  • Use preventative treatment options, a sulfur fungicide, before powdery mildew even forms.

How to Treat Powdery Mildew

If your plants do develop powdery mildew despite your best efforts, don’t worry. There are many environmentally friendly options for eliminating the disease, including:

Baking Soda. Baking soda itself isn’t normally effective as a powdery mildew treatment, but when it’s combined with liquid soap and water, it can be a powerful weapon.

It’s normally most beneficial if used as a preventative measure rather than a treatment.

Combine one tablespoon baking soda and one-half teaspoon of liquid, non-detergent soap with one gallon of water, and spray the mixture liberally on the plants.

Mouthwash. The mouthwash you may use on a daily basis for killing the germs in your mouth can also be effective at killing powdery mildew spores.

Since its function is to kill germs, the powdery mildew spores can’t withstand it.

Using three parts water to one part mouthwash has been found to be a good ratio, but new growth can be damaged since mouthwash is potent, so use with caution.

Milk. Milk is making its way onto the scene as a viable means to control powdery mildew.

Not all the science is known, but the compounds in milk may be able to act as an antiseptic and fungicide as well as potentially increase the plant’s overall immunity.

It tends to be effective as a method of preventing powdery mildew on zucchini and other types of squash, as well as cucumbers. An effective mixture ratio is about one part milk to two or three parts water.

Organic Fungicide Treatments. If you don’t want a do-it-yourself solution, there is a variety of commercial treatment options that are just as environmentally friendly and approved for organic gardening. By going this route, you also know exactly what types of pests the treatment will kill and which types of plants it’s most helpful for.

Water. Since dry conditions coupled with high humidity are often the culprits behind powdery mildew growth, watering your plants overhead and getting the entire plant wet can help. However, it’s important to use this method somewhat sparingly as overwatering can cause other issues for your plants.

Why Choose Safer® Brand?

Sometimes with a do-it-yourself option, it can be difficult to ensure the ratios of ingredients are correct, and if they aren’t just so, the treatment may not work how you were anticipating.

You may also need to use caution on which parts of the plants you apply homemade remedies.

When trusting your plant’s health to the experts at Safer® Brand, you know for sure what you’re getting in each bottle and that it’s safe and effective for all parts of the plant.

Safer® Brand’s powdery mildew treatments are OMRI certified, which means it’s approved for use in organic gardening. It works by utilizing the power of sulfur compounds, which ultimately alter the plant’s pH. It’s not harmful to the plant, but powdery mildew and other fungi cannot survive.

Another benefit of using a fungicide that’s formulated for organic gardening those Safer® Brand offers is that it doesn’t harm the soil.

Millions of tiny microbes reside in the soil, providing your plant with nutrients and protecting it from pathogens.

Using organic disease-control methods can help keep beneficial microorganism populations where they should be and your soil and plants healthy.

So, whether it’s powdery mildew on squash or powdery mildew on roses, Safer® Brand’s line of organic gardening treatments can help your plants, and the environment, stay disease-free and beautiful.

Источник: https://www.saferbrand.com/articles/treat-powdery-mildew-plants

Powdery Mildew: Cause, Identification, Prevention, and Treatment

Powdery mildew on cucumbers - how to deal with folk remedies and chemistry

Have you ever walked in your garden and were surprised to see your plants covered with powdered sugar?

If you’ve ever experienced this, the chances are that you have just encountered powdery mildew. It can wreak havoc on your garden if left untreated.

For that reason, it is important to understand what powdery mildew is, what causes it, how to prevent it, how to treat it, and which plants are most susceptible.

If you want to know more about these answers, you’re in the right place because I’m going to fill you in. Here’s what you should be aware of when it comes to powdery mildew:

What is Powdery Mildew?

Powdery mildew is a fungus which appears on the leaves of plants. Different from typical funguses, powdery mildew doesn’t need moisture to thrive on plants. However, because it’s still a fungus, it’s made up of spores that fly through the air due to wind and land on other plants, making it highly contagious.

Powdery mildew can slow plant growth, disturb the plant’s overall health, and can kill your plants in worst cases.

How to Identify Powdery Mildew

Photo by Ontario Crop IPM

Powdery mildew on plants looks as though they have been dousing with flour or powdered sugar. The leaves of the plant will be covered in a white coating which may begin as small, white circular spots.

It’s common for powdery mildew to attack older leaves on the plant first. If you notice the white coating and leaves beginning to look yellow and dried in appearance, it’s safe to assume your plant has powdery mildew.

Powdery mildew thrives in temperatures between 60-80ºF, so they most commonly exists in the earlier or later parts of the growing season, when temperatures aren’t extremely hot. Powdery mildew also thrives in shady locations.

Once the fungus takes over the leaves of the plant, it’s common to see it attached to the blooms and other areas of the plant as well.

What Causes Powdery Mildew?

Any number of reasons can cause powdery mildew. Some of them are:

1. Shady Locations

There’s a reason why it’s recommended to place most garden plant in full sun. Not only does it give your plants the necessary sunlight they need to grow properly, but it also helps protect them from certain diseases the powdery mildew.

Sunlight will keep your plant parts dry, which will create less of an opportunity for powdery mildew to form. If the plants you grow in must be planted in shady locations, be hyper-aware of powdery mildew.

The earlier you treat this disease, the better chance your plants have for thriving.

2. Improper Air Flow

When air can’t circulate through the plants, it creates a breeding ground for powdery mildew. It’s important to make sure air can travel between plants and through each plant because it allows them to dry faster after watering.

3. Water and Humidity

Powdery mildew loves high humidity and high-but-not-extreme temperature, which is why greenhouse plants can be more susceptible to powdery mildew, more so than indoor plants or plants growing outdoors because of the increase in moisture in a closed greenhouse.

Proper watering techniques can help to keep powdery mildew in check before it takes over your garden.

Which Plants Are at Risk of Powdery Mildew?

Powdery mildew does not discriminate and will infest any plant, given the chance. However, powdery mildew does seem to form easier on some plants than others.

Plants with big leaves such as cantaloupe, cucumbers, melons, peas, pumpkins, and squash seem to contract powdery mildew easier than others. Plants with big leaves can block airflow and if there’s not much space between the plants.

How to Prevent Powdery Mildew

Powdery mildew can be a big pain for gardeners to treat once their garden get infested. If you take these prevention steps, hopefully, you won’t have to worry about ridding your garden because of powdery mildew. Here are a few ideas to prevent powdery mildew in your garden:

1. Choose Resistant Varieties

You can purchase certain plant varieties which are known for being more resistant to powdery mildew. If you’ve battled powdery mildew in the past, try buying varieties which have been proven to stand up to it.

This is the best and easiest way to ensure your garden doesn’t have to worry with battling this fungus.

2. Proper Watering Techniques

How you water your garden can make all the difference in how well it thrives.

It’s a good idea to water your garden from below instead of overhead. When you spray water all over the garden, the area becomes more humid. The higher the humidity, the greater the opportunity for powdery mildew to start and spread.

Also, give the plants time to dry before nightfall. If you can’t water in the morning, try to water in the early evening before the sun sets.

3. Pruning

Pruning your garden could save you a great deal of hassle in the long run. Cutting larger plants will create space within the plant itself and between the plants. This is a great way to increase airflow in your garden.

4. Fungicides

Fungicides are chemicals to destroy fungus. Applying fungicide to your garden before the appearance of fungus is a great way to deter it. Be sure to follow the instructions on the fungicide for proper application and frequency.

Keep in mind that not all fungicides are organic. If you want to keep your garden organic, make sure to specifically choose organic fungicides or make fungicides with organic ingredients.

5. Mulching

When you water your plants or when it rains, water get into the soil beneath the plant and some splashes on the plants. This is the primary way powdery mildew spores get onto the plant. Mulching around the base of the plant can help prevent this issue and keep powdery mildew off your plants.

6. Milk and Whey

Using a mixture of 40% milk and 60% water is a great way of treating powdery mildew. Spraying the same mixture on plants is also a great way to prevent it in the first place.

The mixture raises the pH level of plant leaves. This makes the plants more immune to powdery mildew.

7. Compost Tea

Compost tea that is brewed from compost is full of beneficial microorganisms and is a great preventative of powdery mildew and other diseases. The beneficial microorganisms will help the plant’s immune system and helps fight off fungus.

Here’s a guide to help you learn how to make compost tea.

8. Companion Planting

One of the best practices for vegetable garden is companion planting. If you place some plants that are highly susceptible to powdery mildew next to plants that are more resistant next to a plant which is susceptible, you’re helping to protect the weaker plant.

9. Staking Plants

If you have larger plants flop over or sprawl out, you should stake them because plats that flop or sprawl can’t get proper airflow.

How to Treat Powdery Mildew

If one day you look outside to the garden and it appears as though someone tossed flour on your garden, the prevention steps above might be too late. Instead, you’ll need to how to treat powdery mildew. Here are a few tips:

1. Rub the Leaves Together

When you see the spores pop up on your plants, try rubbing the leaves together. This will rub the spores off the plants and stop the spreading on the particular plant you’re working on.

It may seem straightforward, but if you catch powdery mildew early on, this could be the only solution you need.

If multiple plants in your garden have been impacted by powdery mildew and the leaves beginning to look dry and discolored, you shouldn’t rub them and instead remove the infected parts.

If a plant has too many infected parts, it’s better to remove the entire plant.

Once you remove these parts or plants, do not compost them or the fungus will spread in your compost. Destroy the infected parts or plants to make sure the fungus doesn’t spread any further.

3. Fungicide

We’ve mentioned this solution on the prevention step, but as the name suggest, fungicide is a great way to treat fungus diseases powdery mildew. Choose fungicides with potassium bicarbonate, sulfur, lime-sulfur, or neem oil as these ingredients each have qualities to quickly and effectively treat powdery mildew.

Источник: https://morningchores.com/powdery-mildew/

How to deal with powdery mildew in cucumbers: chemical preparations and folk remedies

Powdery mildew on cucumbers - how to deal with folk remedies and chemistry

Cool and wet weather causes summer residentsa lot of anxiety, as it provokes the emergence of various fungal and viral diseases of cucumbers. Many are worried about such a bacterial disease powdery mildew, which is why it is important to know under what conditions it develops, what signs it has and how to fight it.

What is powdery mildew?

Powdery mildew is a bacterialcucumber disease, provoking the premature drying of plants. Leaves, stems, fruits may be affected. The disease is characterized by the fact that it spreads very quickly, which is why it is important to carry out preventive measures in a timely manner and to treat already-affected plants.

Mealy dew on cucumbers in a greenhouse oftenappears on plants that grow near the door, near poorly glazed frames, where it is damp and cool enough. In the open ground, this disease often occurs with significant fluctuations in temperature.

Powdery Mildew Conditions

Powdery mildew is often produced on cucumbers.greenhouse, as there are the most suitable conditions for the occurrence of various diseases and the spread of bacteria. Especially if there have been previous infections. Often, even after the complex treatment of plants and prevention, the bacteria remain in the soil and are formed again in the spring on plants.

In the open field, the disease occurs with frequent dry days wet and cool. Excessive application of nitrogen fertilizers to the soil can provoke the rapid spread of bacteria.

Signs of powdery mildew

Signs of powdery mildew on cucumbers are enoughpronounced, and they allow you to accurately distinguish it from many other diseases.

One of the earliest and most obvious signs is the formation of a whitish bloom on the leaves, covered with drops of water.

In addition, white bloom can affect many other parts of the plant, located near the soil, and then gradually the infection spreads over the entire surface of the plant.

When conducting a more thorough inspection canconsider the presence of severe lesions and sores. Affected leaves cease to function normally. The plant begins to hurt badly, dries out and gradually dies, as the fungus takes away all the useful components it needs.

Fruits infected with bacteria become covered with cracks, where painful microorganisms that provoke the process of decay enter.

Powdery Mildew Control Methods

Many are interested in how to deal with mealydew on cucumbers and what techniques, as well as drugs best to use. It is very important to prevent the spread of the disease at the very beginning. At the initial stage of the formation of the plant fungus can be saved. There are various methods of dealing with this type of fungal infection, in particular, such as:

  • prophylaxis;
  • the use of folk remedies;
  • treatment with chemicals.

When choosing methods of treatment is of great importanceinfection period. At the initial stage, prophylaxis is required. With a slight defeat of the plant, folk techniques are used, and with extensive damage, chemical preparations are used. If the fruits are already beginning to ripen, then the use of chemicals is unacceptable.

Use of chemical agents

When the first signs appearfungal infection of the plant is important to know how to deal with powdery mildew on cucumbers.

It should be remembered that measures to eliminate bacteria must be taken immediately, otherwise it will be very difficult to destroy the harmful fungus.

Before carrying out therapeutic measures, it is necessary to stop making additional feedings, and it is also important to thin out plantings, remove dry plants, and tear off diseased peduncles.

For the fight against this type of bacteria, fungicide preparations help quite well, in particular, such as:

  • means “Fundazol”;
  • a mixture of “Topaz”;
  • spraying liquid “Tilt”.

Well proven drug “Fitosporin”from powdery mildew on cucumbers. For the treatment of plants with this tool you need to dilute 6-10 g of the drug in 10 liters of water. Among its shortcomings can be distinguished that it is very poorly tolerated by sunlight. However, it belongs to biofungicides, therefore it is safe for people and animals.

Asking about what to process cucumbersfrom powdery mildew, you can use the tool “Baktofit”. This is a very good biofungicide that can be used to spray plants and water them under the root.

For the preparation of means you need to take 20 ml of the drug and dissolve it in 10 liters of water.

The only disadvantage of this tool is that it is washed off with precipitation or water during irrigation.

When using the drug “Topaz” need to take 3 gmeans and dissolve it in 10 liters of water. It is worth remembering that this fungicide is prohibited to apply throughout the entire period of fruiting, in addition, you must take precautions when working with this tool.

Good result shows the means “HOM”. To use it, 40 g of powder must be diluted in 10 liters of water. Spray the resulting solution over the beds with cucumbers. This amount of solution is enough for processing 10 square meters. meters of vegetable garden.

The frequency of treatments with these and other drugsis 1 time every 2 weeks. Chemicals prevent the formation of spores of the causative agent of the disease, and the high temperature of the air enhances their effect.

Chemical preparations show a protective effect literally a few minutes after the spraying and remain for 2 weeks after treatment.

Despite the fact that the treatment with biofungicides is allowed during the fruiting period, it is possible to eat vegetables after the treatment no earlier than in 2-3 days.

It is worth remembering that some funds may bedangerous to humans, so it is important to comply with certain security measures. It is very important to know how to deal with powdery mildew on cucumbers correctly, since this fungus develops resistance to chemicals over time, therefore, during the treatment they must be periodically changed.

The use of folk techniques

Folk remedies for powdery mildew on cucumbers help prevent the spread of the disease at the very beginning of its occurrence. A good result can be obtained when using such tools as:

  • soda solution;
  • copper vitriol;
  • decoction of horsetail;
  • mullein solution;
  • soap solution.

Apply folk remedies as possible for the treatment of infected plants, as well as prevention. When carrying out preventive maintenance, it is necessary to spray the plants after each rain.

Baking soda

Baking soda from powdery mildew oncucumbers, it is widely used for many years, to prepare such a solution is quite simple. For cooking means you need to take in equal proportions liquid soap and baking soda, for 1 tsp.

, And then pour all this 5 liters of boiling water. Mix well, cool. It is necessary to spray cucumbers with this solution once every 10 days. The total number of treatments depends on the degree of damage to plants.

It is best to apply not ordinary soap, but tar, as it helps to more effectively remove fungal infection.

Use of copper sulfate

Folk remedies for powdery mildew on cucumbersimply the use of copper sulfate. You need to take 5 grams of copper sulfate, mix it with 50 g of soap and pour 5 liters of water. This tool helps to prevent the development of a spore and treats an existing disease.

The solution of mullein and whey

Choosing the means to combat powdery mildew oncucumber, you can use a solution of mullein. To prepare it, you need to dissolve 1 kg of fertilizer in 10 liters of water, and just before adding another liter of water.

Well helps to cope with the fungus milkserum. To do this, dilute it with water and carry out this solution with basal processing of cucumbers. After this, a film of lactic bacteria forms on the leaves, which prevents the growth of the fungus.

Decoctions of plants

Well helps to cope with the fungus decoction of horsetailfield. To do this, take 100 g of fresh or dried plants, pour 100 g of water for a day, then boil for 1-2 hours, strain, cool, dilute it with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and spray cucumbers. You can store this broth for a week.

Weed infusion is considered a good helper against fungi. To do this, half a bucket of grass should be poured with water and infused for several days in a warm place.

You can also use a decoction of nettle, which helps to quickly and effectively cope with the spores of bacteria.

Garlic application

Asking about what to process cucumbersfrom powdery mildew, can be applied infusion of garlic. To do this, you need to insist a medium sized head of garlic in water for a week at room temperature. Strain the infusion obtained, dilute 10 liters of water and spray it on the plants with a spray bottle.

Other means for powdery mildew

Well helps to cope with defeat.bacteria pollinate leaves with sulfur. To do this, carefully chopped sulfur poured into gauze fabric and conduct pollination in warm sunny weather. After processing, the cucumbers in the garden should be covered with a film for 2 hours. When processing in a greenhouse, all windows and doors should be closed.

A good result can be obtained when spraying cucumbers from powdery mildew with a solution of potassium permanganate. To prepare it, dilute 1.5 g of potassium permanganate in 10 liters of water.

The spraying of colloidal sulfur, which should be diluted at the rate of 40 g per 10 l of water, is also considered an effective means. Treatment with this tool is best done in cloudy weather.

Prevention

You need to know not only how to deal with powdery mildew on cucumbers, but also how to prevent its occurrence on plants. Among the main preventive measures should be highlighted such as:

  • planting cucumber varieties resistant to powdery mildew;
  • carrying out presowing seed treatment;
  • watering with warm settled water;
  • careful use of nitrogen supplements;
  • careful collection and destruction of plant residues.

These reliable preventive measures will allowprevent powdery mildew later on. In addition, it is necessary to provide the plants with a sufficient inflow of fresh air, which is why it is necessary to thin out the seedlings in a timely manner, as well as remove old leaves that are in contact with the soil.

Water cucumbers need only after complete drying of the top layer of soil. It is necessary to carry out watering and spraying in the morning, so that the plants have time to dry completely until the evening.

Источник: https://karlmorgan.net/domashniy-uyut/12353-kak-borotsya-s-muchnistoy-rosoy-na-ogurcah-himicheskie-preparaty-i-narodnye-sredstva.html

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