- Start Organic Vegetable Farming [Guide to Success]
- How to Start Organic Vegetable Garden:
- Soil Requirements and Management:
- How Organic Compost Ensure Vitamins For Growing Vegetables:
- Soil Management Techniques:
- Creating The Bed For Planting
- Choosing The Varieties Depending on Climate:
- Organic Vegetable List:
- Importance of Organic Vegetable Farming:
- Organic Vegetable Planting Methods:
- Weeding Procedure :
- Cultural Weed Control Process:
- Vegetable Corp Variety choosing:
- Biological Weed Control Procedures:
- Organic Pest Control:
- The Best Practice Control pest :
- Vegetable Gardening for Beginners
- Pick the Right Location
- Choosing a Plot Size: Start Small!
- How to Grow the Best Vegetables
- Suggested Plants for a Beginner’s Vegetable Garden
- Make Planning Easy: Use the Almanac Garden Planner!
- 6 Best Organic Fertilizer for Fruits and Vegetables – Reviews
- Unco Industries Soil Builder Earthworm Castings
- How to Choose Fertilizer
- Soil type
- Needed Nutrients
- What do the numbers mean?
- Fertilizer Form
- Our Best 6 Organic Fertilizer Choices
- 1. Neptune’s Harvest Organic Hydrolized Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer
- What we :
- What we don’t :
- 2. Jobe’s 6028 Organic Vegetable Spikes
- 3. Humboldts Secret Golden Tree
- 4. SEA-90 Organic Fertilizer
- 5. Fox Farm FX 14049 Liquid Nutrient Trio Soil Formula
- 6. Unco Industries Soil Builder Earthworm Castings
- How and what mineral fertilizers to use on the site for growing vegetables
- Application of mineral fertilizers in the country for different types of plants
- Nitrogen fertilizers
- Below other entries on the topic “Dacha and garden – with their own hands”
Start Organic Vegetable Farming [Guide to Success]
Want to Start an Organic Vegetable Garden? Learn how easily you can start organic vegetable farming. This is the must follow beginner guide for every farmer to become successful.
When you ask other farmers about organic vegetable farming, they will say it is costly, laborious and troublesome. Which requiring much effort and time than other cultivation methods.
We also agree with them but there is a process we find that can minimize all of them in a reasonable shape. In this article, we will guide for the reason why vegas digital marketing you to start growing organic vegetables in a short time and much easier way.
Start Organic Vegetable Farming and grow vegetables
How to Start Organic Vegetable Garden:
Start your successful organic vegetable gerden as a small scale business.
This types of agricultural system are highly rewarding as well as risky. So, before starting your farm there are several things to know. I.E. 1) Why organic farming is can be challenging for beginners? and 2) What are the benefits of nonchemical vegetable farming at home. We already answer the second one.
Start Organic Vegetable Garden
Organic vegetable farming is somewhat challenging for new farmers. As they do not have enough experience and knowledge about this cultivation.
Soil Requirements and Management:
The components that organic vegetable farming requires is Manures, Biofertilizers, Vermicompost, Nitrogen, Potassium, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Green Sand, Rock phosphate, Boron, Magnesium Sulfate, Iron Sulfate, Aluminium Sulfate, Guano, Bone Meal, Gluconate, Langbeinite, and green manure crops etc.
To create the perfect soil for vegetable, nonchemical vegetable farmers vastly relays on compost or natural fertilizer.
Well, the list of required vitamins is long. Now, You may be thinking, is that really possible!
Now the question is-
How Organic Compost Ensure Vitamins For Growing Vegetables:
How organic compost maintain the soil and secure the healthy vegetable growing.
- Green manure helps to get nitrogen from the atmosphere increases soil nutrients, prevents erosion, furthermore it stores and holds the organic matters & nutrients in non-growth season.A sample of compost for organic vegetable farming
- Crop rotation and green manure are also used to prevent diseases & insects.
- The farmers also use animal manure which is a great advantage for the land.
- The Potash fills the deficiency of Potassium in the soil.
- The phosphorus and the green sand are the products of potassium which fills the gap of mineral for the soil.
- Moreover, commercial fertilizers are also used in this management Blood Meal, Seabird Guano, Pelleted Poultry Manure, Feather Meal, and Pelleted Seabird Guano.
As you may be guessed that organic fertilizers are very influential to growing plants. Actually, any plants can thrive in your land. But the weeds and the unwanted pants also takes this advantages. They grow rapidly and harms vegetables and crops.
Let’s guide you sating up steps of organic farming in the garden. You have to remember the best techniques for this cultivation process.
To start an organic farm one has to go through some terms and steps reducing tillage, coated cropping, scattering natural pesticides, rotation of crop including soil management.
Soil Management Techniques:
By developing soil condition you can guarantee preserved & recaptured fertile soil. It also maximizes the yield and eradicates erosion of soil.
All the equipment needs to be natural even the biological process is controlled by micro-organisms.
Besides, This management system is different from the conventional agriculture techniques cause this cultivation doesn’t require any chemical substance.
Creating The Bed For Planting
Raised Bed planting is cost efficient and the easiest solution if your existing soil isn’t fertile.
To get the most your farm the soil management have to be perfect. The vegetable thrives in the loose fertile soil.
soil management for organic vegetable farming
To do so, organic fertilizer has to mix with the soil. Making the soil and mixing procedure needs many efforts but you’d prefer to begin planting immediately. Also, we have learned that raised bed is more productive. So, the complete solution is-
- Create your bed in any shape you prefer.
- Dig the soil to 8-10 inches deep.
- Raise the bed to 4 inches to 6 inches up.
- Therefore, it will provide 12 to 16-inch depth- to allow roots to grow.
- The bed depth is dependent on the vegetable varieties.
- Mix compost fertilizer with the soil. The minimum ratio should be 1:1.
Choosing The Varieties Depending on Climate:
The rich soil that you have formulated, can grow any crop at any season. But not effective and doing so can destroy your small scall farm. We will advise you to cultivate seasonal vegetables. But if you are desperate to produce certain crops it may work but require much care and jobs.
Your garden progress is influenced by the climate and pests. Contact the local government agricultural office to find out what types of vegetables to grow in your garden during this session.
You may also to read: How to start a cattle farm for organic beef, and Grow Baby Corn | Everything You Need to Know.
Organic Vegetable List:
Organic or natural non-chemical agriculture method can grow any vegetables. But here is the list of most profitable and popular organic vegetables.
- Spinach, Swiss Chard, Greens, Herbs, Kale & Kohlrabi, Leeks, Lettuce.
- Broccoli, Cabbage, Cauliflower.
- Peas, Beans.
- Corn, Tomatoes, Cherry Tomatoes, Zucchini, Okra, Eggplant,
- Squash & Pumpkins, Cucumbers, Watermelons, Melons
- Carrots, Turnips & Rutabagas, Radishes, Parsnips, Beets.
- Potatoes, Onions.
Importance of Organic Vegetable Farming:[bctt tweet=”90% of our liver diseases happens due to chemicals used in the conventional cultivation process.” username=”farmingmethod”]
Advantages of natural green agriculture are endless. This may encourage you to be more determined to set up your natural farming garden. Some of them are:-
- Firstly, This farming keeps the farmers healthy and safe from critical chemicals.
- Those substances are more deadly to farmers.
- Keeps the consumers healthy and risk-free. So the local demand is high.
- Organic food produces healthy and safe. Chemicals and pesticides are so much evil to the human body.
- The harvested crops have 50% more nutrients and vitamins than other methods.
- Keep the nearby environment safe and save helpful insects.
- Demandable and the future of the next era of agriculture.
Organic Vegetable Planting Methods:
Quality of the organic seeds and seedling is the standard of success, not the number.
Organic Vegetable planting Method
You can either buy organic seeds or seedlings. There are several benefits to each one. Let’s learn more about this two planting methods. Every vegetable has its individual set of instructions; you’ll find necessary sowing guidelines on the seed packs, and for seedlings, ask the nursery about planting process.
ORGANIC SEED PLANTING PROCESS:
The Organic seeds are inexpensive and come in a various range of varieties, however, you may require to raise them inside at least a few weeks. And some vegetables ( Beans, Carrots, Peas, Spinach etc.) seed are directly sawed into the garden.
When the planting time arrives plant the seedling to the bed. The production of nonchemical healthy vegetables is much greater the second method.
ORGANIC SEEDLING PLANTING METHOD:
Though this is least recommended unless if you are a complete beginner to farming. The Seedlings can be transplanted straight in the garden. But when you are collecting seedling be extra careful. Only collect transplantable plants from the organically certified nursery.
Care for your natural growing vegetables:
Weeding Procedure :
How to control weeds in an organic garden by Mechanical, Biological, Cultural, and Thermal scheme.
Weeds are problematic components in any kind of farming or cultivating. Weeds are the unnecessary plants or part of a plant which could create diseases or, shelter to the insects. In order to grow organic food rapidly and successfully a farmer should perform this procedure on due time.
So for progress, it needs to be removed frequently by any means. Weeds can be reduced in many ways Mechanical scheme, Biological, Cultural, and Thermal scheme. But performing some of them are costly and requires a lot of works.
We will focus only the most popular and easiest way to control weeds.
Cultural Weed Control Process:
In the cultural process, cover crops are grown around the main crop which prevents the main crop from weeding disadvantages.
This method is useful only if you want to cultivate two vegetable or one vegetable and one crop in the same land.
Most often organic farmer uses this technique because of this facts. This is much profitable, also save a lot of work and money. Natural cultivators actually grow one long-term or relatively bigger plant crop in a row. And another competitive short-term crop or smaller plant vegetable in a row beside long-term crops row.
- Competitive crops are to be planted around it for a short time.
- The cover crops surpluses the soil which stops weeds.
- Furthermore, by planting between to crops can also be a solution which is known as “Intercropping”.
- But you’ll have to be careful about the spacing. Forages, Winter Wheat, Clover, Rye, Red, Buckwheat, and Oilseed can be used as cover crops.
Vegetable Corp Variety choosing:
Variety Choosing is one of the steps that reduce weed by choosing the right variety it solves the pathogenic problem and the crop can be self-defensive against the weeds. Contact with your local govt. farmers institute to get the best vegetable seed or variety name on your locality.
Biological Weed Control Procedures:
There are a lot of thighs to prevent weed growth by using the biological procedure. This process is also helpful to control pest and diseases.
- A natural substance nitrogen eradicates the competitiveness of the crops which helps in the weeding system.
- In the vegetable gardens, irrigation helps a lot to stop the weeds and also the corps can be moisturized by drip irrigation which lessens the moisture of the weeds.
Weed problem can also be solved by mechanical methods but the difficulties are it takes a long period and it requires hard labor.
In this farming method, farmers tend to use tools Summers, Brush weeders, Mowers, Hoes, Harrows, Tines are used in weeding. Actually, these tools are also being used in a modern farming.
Organic Pest Control:
The organic pest control starts before creating the bed. And which continue till hearvesting.
Pest eating vegetables
As we mentioned earlier that, this the most important thing to perform appropriately. There is no shortcut to success. Your strategy for controlling pests and diseases have to be established before you start organic vegetable farming.
It always seems that this procedure requires a lot of work. But, Modern farmer develops their set of working rule. Which is the quote “prevention is the better cure“. So they create to-do lists and rules they make actually prevent those problems before they ever occur.
Here, we share a best practice rules to minimize pest and diseases. Remember this the Modern Farmer’S Blog., Therefore, we will teach and guide you to make your own to-do list later.
Organic pest control is accomplished by neutralizing harmful insects and protecting helpful insects.
Again, in this article, let’s focus on how to start your successful organic vegetable garden. So, this will not contain all the procedure for controlling insects. However, this is extremely important to know. There will be another dedicated article in this manner.
We suggest you create a to-do list. For creating that follow the steps. Write it down in a note. So that you can check the next thing to do. Let’ learn the cool staffs…
The Best Practice Control pest :
The first thing you need to do is joining the local organic farmers club. Organic farmers are active in their community. You can also follow them on any social platform. That’s how you will learn all the modern farming technique. Ask them about organic vegetable farming. And hope someday you will share your experiences with Farming Method.
- Build healthy, compost heavy soil.
- Ensure Better quality compost.
- Choose disease immune vegetable seeds or plant.
- Monitor on vegetable growth stages.
- If there is any affected or weaker plant, Pull out them.
- Wet foliage favors insect and fungal. So keep it dry.
- Water sufficiently on dry season.
- Protect plants from the direct sun using shed, especially in the early stage.
- Mulching should be practiced when needed.
- And minimize Insect habitat near your vegetable garden.
- Apply for organic certification.
Now that, we hope that you are comfortable to start your organic vegetable farming. If you need any kind of help please write in our comment section.
Vegetable Gardening for Beginners
Ready to jump into gardening? It can be daunting at first, but gardening is an incredibly rewarding hobby to get into. Our Vegetable Gardening Guide for Beginners will help you to plan and grow your tastiest vegetables ever. Find out how much food you need to grow to feed a family, top 10 vegetables for a beginner, and more tips.
Why garden, you ask? If you’ve never tasted garden-fresh vegetables (lots of people haven’t!), you will be amazed by the sweet, juicy flavors and vibrant textures. There’s absolutely nothing quite fresh veggies, especially if you grow them yourself—which you can!
In this guide, we’ll highlight the basics of vegetable gardening and planning: how to pick the right site for your garden, how to create the right size garden, and how to select which vegetables to grow.
Pick the Right Location
Picking a good location for your garden is absolutely key. A sub-par location can result in sub-par veggies! Here are a few tips for choosing a good site:
- Plant in a sunny location. Most vegetables need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. The more sunlight they receive, the greater the harvest, the bigger the veggies, and the better the taste.
- Plant in good soil. Plants’ roots penetrate soft soil more easily, so you need nice loamy soil. Enriching your soil with compost provides needed nutrients. Proper drainage will ensure that water neither collects on top nor drains away too quickly.
- Plant in a stable environment. You don’t want to plant in a place that’s prone to flooding during heavy rains, or in a place that tends to dry out a lot. You also don’t want to plant somewhere where strong winds could knock over your young plants or keep pollinators from doing their job. Plant in a location that would make Goldilocks proud.
Choosing a Plot Size: Start Small!
Remember: It’s better to be proud of a small garden than be frustrated by a big one!
One of the most common errors that beginners make is planting too much too soon—way more than anybody could ever eat or want! Unless you want to have zucchini taking up residence in your attic, plan your garden with care. Start small, and only grow what you know you’ll eat.
A good-size beginner vegetable garden is about 16×10 feet (or smaller) and features crops that are easy to grow. A plot this size, the vegetables suggested further down this page, can feed a family of four for one summer, with a little leftover for canning and freezing (or giving away to jealous neighbors).
Make your garden 11 rows wide, with each row 10 feet long. The rows should run north and south to take full advantage of the sun.
Vegetables that may yield more than one crop per season include beans, beets, carrots, cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, radishes, rutabagas, spinach, and turnips.
(Note: If this garden is too large for your needs, you do not have to plant all 11 rows, or you can simply make the rows shorter.)
How to Grow the Best Vegetables
In addition to choosing the right location, here are a few tips that will help you grow your best veggies yet:
- Space your crops properly. For example, corn needs a lot of space and can overshadow shorter vegetables. Plants set too close together compete for sunlight, water, and nutrition; are more susceptible to disease and pests; and fail to mature. Pay attention to the spacing guidance on seed packets and plant tabs.
- Use high-quality seeds. Seed packets are less expensive than individual plants, but if seeds don’t germinate, your money—and time—are wasted. A few extra cents spent in spring for that year’s seeds will pay off in higher yields at harvesttime. See a list of of mail-order seed catalogs here.
- Water properly. Watering your plants the correct amount—neither too much nor too little—will give them the best chance at producing well-formed, mature vegetables. Learn more about watering vegetables.
- Plant and harvest at the right time, not too early or too late. Every vegetable has its own planting dates so be sure to check the seed packet. See the Almanac’s Best Planting Dates—a gardening calendar customized to your local frost dates.
Suggested Plants for a Beginner’s Vegetable Garden
The vegetables suggested below are common, productive plants that are relatively easy to grow. It would be wise to contact your state’s Cooperative Extension Service to find out what plants grow best in your area, and when the best time for planting them is. Think about what you to eat as well as what’s difficult to find in a grocery store or farmers’ market.
Top Ten Vegetables
(Tip: Click on a veggie’s name to see its detailed Growing Guide.)
Make Planning Easy: Use the Almanac Garden Planner!
Create a smarter, more productive garden. Use the online Almanac Garden Planner—now the #1 Garden Planner on the planet. Check it out here: http://gardenplanner.almanac.com/
In minutes, you can draw your garden plan on your computer. We’ve done all the research for you!
The Garden Planner automatically pulls in the frost dates for your location! Also, it shows you how many plants fit in your space so you don’t waste seed or crowd your plants!
Plus, you’ll see many free garden plans for inspiration, as well as growing guides for more than 250 vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers.
Try the Almanac Garden Planner for free here. You’ll have ample time to plan your first garden, and if you it, you can subscribe.
Any questions? Ask us in the comments below!
6 Best Organic Fertilizer for Fruits and Vegetables – Reviews
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If you’re new to gardening, it may come as a surprise that just putting a seed or plant in soil and having it grow beautifully is not exactly how it works. Plants require complex nutrients that are sometimes found in the soil, but it’s rare that you have the perfect combination in your backyard.
Most ly, the soil you are working with is missing some key things that your plants need to do their best. One way to supply these is to add fertilizer, preferably organic.
Unco Industries Soil Builder Earthworm Castings
Earthworm castings are a great all-around organic fertilizer. It will definitely work for most plants without direct negative side effects. Unco’s fertilizer will also improve your soil condition.
Check the price on Amazon ›
How to Choose Fertilizer
There are a lot of choices for fertilizers, including nonorganic options. Organic fertilizers are better than nonorganic because they aren’t made with things petroleum products that will harm the health of your soil in the long run.
To choose the right organic fertilizer for your needs, there are a few considerations you have to make.
First, what type of soil do you have? Is it clay, sand, or loam? Loam is considered the holy grail of soil types, but most of us have a combination of all three, with either clay or sand featured more prominently.
Sandy soils are great with drainage, almost too great, but have difficulty holding nutrients in. Clay soils are heavily fertile but have drainage issues.
The fertilizer you use should account for the type of soil that you have so that your fertilizer isn’t washed away in a sandy soil by the first rain, or cause calcium deposits in your clay soil due to lack of drainage.
If you have loam, congratulations! You just need a basic fertilizer formulated for the type of plant life you have.
The second thing to consider is what your soil is actually missing. The best way to determine this is through a basic soil test. These cost as little as $10 and are usually done through your local horticulture extension, but it is possible to buy home tests.
After the soil test is done, your report will give you the composition of nutrients in your soil, and you can match your fertilizer to what is missing.
What do the numbers mean?
Organic fertilizers are labeled with the percentage concentration of nutrients. These are referred to as the NPK ratio, which stands for Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium. In a 6-12-0 formula, for example, there is 6% Nitrogen, 12% Phosphorous, and 0% Potassium
It’s also a good idea to consider other types of nutrients that you may need. Fertilizers have all sorts of micronutrients and minerals that can replenish other missing pieces of your soil.
Fertilizers come in either liquid or dry forms. Dry fertilizers are slower to release and last over a longer period. They are good when you need general plant maintenance and are rebuilding nutrients directly in the soil.
Liquid fertilizers are faster acting and are better when your plants need a boost. For example, in late summer when the taxing heat and in-optimum water conditions take their toll on your blooming plants or veggies, a shot of liquid fertilizer can be just the right pick-me-up to get them through the rest of the season.
Our Best 6 Organic Fertilizer Choices
Below, we’ve compiled the best 6 organic fertilizer options to help you get your plants and soil back to their best conditions. Each one provides all the different nutrients your plants need to grow strong and healthy all season long.
1. Neptune’s Harvest Organic Hydrolized Fish & Seaweed Fertilizer
Neptune’s Harvest combines both fish and seaweed to give you the best of both products in an easy to use formula.
Both fish emulsion and seaweed build the natural sugars in plant leaves, helping them grow stronger even in dry or excessive heat conditions. Flowers, fruit, and foliage are stronger and more productive, with fruit reported to have a longer shelf life.
The product is easy to use. Simply dilute in water as the instructions say and use to water plants, or use as a foliar spray.
What we :
- Liquid is easier to apply than dry fertilizers
- Works best with flowers (also great for some vegetables)
What we don’t :
- Fish-seaweed is hit and miss with different plants
- If improperly mixed or stored, this fertilizer may get smelly
- Dogs and cats love the smell
Check the price on Amazon ›
2. Jobe’s 6028 Organic Vegetable Spikes
Jobe’s has made fertilization super easy by putting it in the form of spikes to be buried in the ground near the plant’s root system. There’s no mixing involved, they are easy to carry and store, and simple to apply.
This particular formula contains 2-7-4 combination, with nitrogen, phosphate, potash, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. The spikes are driven into the ground near the root system so that the plant can begin to take in the nutrients as soon as possible, but you don’t have the inconvenience of dilution as you do with liquid fertilizers.
One problem with the spikes that is often reported is that animals love to dig them up. If you have dogs or other animals, put down some kind of barrier until the spike is dissolved enough that your plants benefit.
3. Humboldts Secret Golden Tree
Golden Tree is a professional quality fertilizer that works on a variety of plant types. It activates enzymes in the root system that encourage growth and production, as well as improved photosynthesis. It also provides nutrients for veggies, flowers, and even roses.
It’s easy to store. It comes in a 2 oz. bottle that makes 28 gallons of fertilizer, though larger sizes are available if you are doing some serious fertilizing. Simply follow the directions on the label with the following cautions.
With this product, it’s good to do a small test with smaller amounts than what is recommended to see how your plants react. There may be some issues with fertilizer burn when adding at full strength for the first time, but most people should see positive results with the recommended amounts.
4. SEA-90 Organic Fertilizer
SEA-90 is an all-purpose fertilizer that can be used even for hydroponics. It’s harvested from mineral deposits in the ocean and is odor free.
It’s water soluble, and so works great in a sprayer. SEA-90 is also rated as a livestock additive because of the natural minerals, so if you do both gardening and animal husbandry, this product will take care of both things at once.
One caveat of this product is that it tends to raise the acidity of the soil, so if your soil tends to be on the alkaline side, it shouldn’t be too much of a problem. Quick home soil testing should help you regulate ph levels for plants that have a harder time in acidic conditions, though plenty of common shrubs, trees and flowers prefer an acidic Ph.
5. Fox Farm FX 14049 Liquid Nutrient Trio Soil Formula
Fox Farm is well known in gardening forums and although a little pricey, produces results. This particular fertilizer is actually a three-part fertilizer for each stage of plant life.
The first bottle is Grow Big Hydro to support abundant foliage growth. The second bottle is Tiger Bloom and is for the first signs of blooms and flowers. The third bottle, Big Bloom, can be used all throughout the growing cycle to continually heal root systems and encourage nutrient cycling. It is also ideal for late season flowers and veggies.
One drawback besides the price is that it may raise the ph of the soil. Periodic soil testing should help you keep the ph in balance. It also comes in the same trio of hydroponic growers; just look for the correct formulation on the label.
6. Unco Industries Soil Builder Earthworm Castings
Of all the fertilizers listed, one particular type of fertilizer is ideally made directly into your soil with a creature nature uses to condition soil, break down nutrients, and redeposit beneficial microbes: the worm.
Worm castings are a great all around fertilizer because of its ability to provide both quick and long-term feeding without changing the ph of the soil. It’s difficult to mis-measure this particular fertilizer and using it should actually attract more worms to your garden as the health of your soil continues to improve.
Unco’s earthworm castings is a great all around fertilizer and soil conditioner. Earthworms process the soil and the resulting castings redeposit broken down nutrients in a form that is easy for your plants to process. Other types of fertilizers require the plant to expend energy breaking down nutrients into a form the plant can use.
The nutrients are actually in two forms. One can be quickly and directly absorbed, giving plants a boost in late season, or when just putting out leaves. The other provides a long-term, rich environment for plants to grow. And since only small amounts are needed to see big results, investing in this particular fertilizer is cost effective.
Castings also improve overall soil structure because the composition of the castings increases airflow, and with steady continual use allows the plant to grow dense, fibrous root systems with minimal effort. Plants that grow in dense, compacted soils cannot put as much energy into foliage or fruit production, so worm castings relieve them of laboring to push roots into the soil.
Microbes in the worm’s gut actually provide other needed micronutrients to the plant as well, further improving soil conditions and supporting plant growth.
How and what mineral fertilizers to use on the site for growing vegetables
In one of the newspapers he read the material on fertilizers: “Superphosphate can be used in conjunction with potash fertilizers. But using them with nitrogen fertilizing is fraught with plant death. “
And, for example, nitroammophoska, along with phosphorus and potassium, also contains nitrogen. But in fact it is not fatal for plants?
Next: “… Phosphorus and nitrogen can not be dissolved in water.” But in the literature for top dressing it is recommended to use also solutions of these elements? For example, superphosphate, urea, nitroammophoska.
Let's try to understand these intricacies and analyze the use of mineral fertilizers in the complex and also relative to different types of vegetables individually.
In recent years, our attitude towards mineral fertilizers has changed dramatically. On the one hand, there was an absolutely unreasonable campaign for a complete refusal of chemistry. On the other hand, these fertilizers became so expensive that many people simply could not afford to pour this chemistry into the hands of anyone and how horrible.
And then there were some articles in print, misleading many gardeners and gardeners.
Before applying fertilizers, you need to know a lot about the soil in your garden: the content of macro- and trace elements, humus, acidity. You need to know what fertilizers plants and when to make them. Some are applied for basic tillage, others are used as a feed.
As for nitroammophoski, the whole secret is in the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium available to the plant. You can not mix a box of urea, superphosphate of simple and potassium chloride. This will not give anything to plants, except harm.
Let's continue our conversation.
First of all, one can not categorically agree with the widespread opinion that environmentally friendly products can be obtained if mineral fertilizers are not used. It remains only to be surprised at the silence of agrochemists and agronomists.
It has long been known that plants absorb nutrients in the form of simple salts, soluble in water or weak acids.
This means that all organic fertilizers: manure, humus, compost, not to mention peat (the preparation of peat compost can be read here) – can provide plants with the necessary nutrients only under the condition of mineralization, that is, the conversion of complex organic compounds into simple salts.
This transformation is carried out by bacteria and other microorganisms, usually living in soil and organic fertilizers. Under favorable conditions, microorganisms rapidly multiply and decompose the introduced organic fertilizers. But still this process takes some time.
This explains the long-term action, or rather, the aftereffect of organic fertilizers, manifested for several years.
Mineral fertilizers contain nutritious elements in accessible plants, often water-soluble form and are quickly absorbed by them. Accumulation by plants of some harmful to humans compounds, for example, nitrates, can occur with an unbalanced application of nitrogen fertilizers.
By the way, nitrates can accumulate even with the introduction of one manure, for example, with a lack of light in the greenhouses.
A convincing example of the advisability of growing vegetables with the use of only mineral fertilizers is vegetable production by the method of Mitlider (here is an article that tells in detail about the method of Dr.
Mitlajdera on increase of fertility of the earth and increase of crops on a site).
Balanced application of basic nutrients with the addition of microelements allows you to receive high yields of organic vegetables practically on any soils.
For a start, without haste, we will look at fertilizers that can be bought in stores and remember that for growth and development, plants need first of all the so-called basic nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
- Nitrogen – the most important element of plant nutrition. Nitrogen fertilizers increase their growth and development, increase the protein content.
- Phosphorus is a part of the most important plant proteins – the cell nucleus, compounds regulating the water regime of cells, a number of enzymes and vitamins. It accelerates the development of plants, improves the quality of the crop.
- potassium participates in carbohydrate and protein metabolism, in the activity of enzymes. The quality of the crop depends on its presence in plant nutrition.
For example, in July and August, plants solve two problems: supply fruits and berries with nutrients and lay fruit buds. Therefore, they, especially abundant fruit trees, need good fertilizing and watering. Otherwise, next year trees can not yield a crop, and in the severe winter – to freeze.
In August, fruit trees are fed with phosphorus and potash fertilizers at the rate of 20-30 g of potash salt and 30-50 g superphosphate at 1 m2 pristralnogo circle.
It is also good to carry out foliar top dressing with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers (30 g superphosphate and 50 g potassium salt per 10 l water). This will contribute to better plant preparation for winter, development of flowering buds and thickening of skeletal branches.
Potatoes, fertilized with potassium, during cleaning are distinguished by a special whiteness of the pulp, there are fewer dark spots and streaks, it crunches when cut and does not dry up for a long time in the room. Moreover, even the form of tubers, being a predominantly varietal trait, is improved from the use of potassium fertilizers.
The taste of potatoes is not determined solely by the starch content.
Potassium increases the size of starch grains, so even potatoes potassium fertilized with potassium chlorides have soft, delicious mealy pulp after cooking. Watery potatoes are obtained with excess nitrogen fertilizer, not balanced by the use of potassium.
Application of mineral fertilizers in the country for different types of plants
It is not recommended to feed all the plants with the same fertilizers. Currant, tomatoes and root vegetables are more phosphoric fertilizers, gooseberry – potash, raspberry – potassium and nitrogen.
With proper application of the main fertilizer, for example, tomatoes are not needed, but in a number of cases (heavy rains, low temperatures, etc.) in the soil, an imbalance in the nutrient content occurs, and the plants begin to suffer from their lack.
The first sign of nitrogen starvation in tomatoes – growth retardation, accompanied by the loss of normal green color. Changes begin with young leaves on the top of the plant. The leaves of these plants are small and dark.
The coloring of veins of the leaf from yellowish-green gradually turns into dark red, especially on the underside. The stems become hard and fibrous, sometimes acquiring the same dark red color as the veins of the leaf.
The flower buds turn yellow and die.
The first sign of phosphorus starvation of tomatoes is the appearance of a crimson color on the lower surface of the leaf. First, spots appear on the sheet, then the color of the entire leaf surface changes, veins gradually become violet-red.
Tomatoes with a lack of potassium grow slowly. Young leaves become fine-wrinkled, the older ones acquire an ash-gray hue at first, then their edges become yellowish-green. The discolouration begins at the edges of the leaf blade and spreads to its center, with a bronze shade of the fabric appearing, and later – round light spots between the larger veins.
If we talk about berry plants, in the summer they need additional fertilizing, especially on light sandy soils. It is good for this to use slurry or an infusion of bird droppings.
If the farm does not have organic materials, replace it with full mineral fertilizers. Under each bush it is recommended to pour a bucket of solution: nitrate 15-20 g, superphosphate 20 g and sulphate potassium 10-15
Raspberry (we mentioned its fertilization in the article “Cultivation of varieties of repair raspberry on the site”) during the fruiting period also requires attention. Three bush is enough to prepare 1 solution bucket: nitrate 20 g, superphosphate 40 g and sulphate 20 g.
Dissolved fertilizers are inserted into grooves with a depth of up to 10 cm, excavated at a distance of 20 cm.
It must be firmly assimilated that, in addition to the amount of active ingredient in percent indicated on each package, it is necessary to take into account some other properties of fertilizers, which we will discuss below.
Carbamide (urea) – granular, soluble in water, the most concentrated nitrogen fertilizer. Contains 46% nitrogen. Apply it for all types of plants, the average application rate for the season is 100 g for 1 m2 landings. This fertilizer is most effective for liquid fertilizing, slightly acidifying the soil. Suitable for non-acidic soils.
Good results are provided by the application of foliar dressing of fruit trees. Sprinkling of tree crowns at a concentration of not more than 0,5% (50 grams of urea per 10 liters of water) begins immediately after the formation of the leaves in spring and is repeated every 10-12 days during May-June.
The urea solution in the small droplet state should fall on both the upper and lower side of the sheet, evenly wetting it. It is better to do it in the morning or in the evening.
In autumn, a dose of mineral fertilizers can include urea. It should be noted that it is necessary to prepare mixtures of superphosphate with urea long before making it under the trees.
Urea, ammophos, superphosphate with potassium chloride, and potassium sulfate are well mixed. This mixture can be prepared in advance.
It is better to bring the mixture into the holes to a depth of 30-35 cm and only on low-power soils – to a depth of 10 cm.
The zone of mineral fertilizer application is defined in 0,5-1 m outside the crown projection and in 1-2 m inside. At 1 m2 make two holes.
The weight of the active substance: in a liter jar contains 300 g, in a glass of 200 ml – 60 g, in a tablespoon – 4,5 g, in a teaspoon – 1,5 g.
Carbamide is easily washed from the root zone into the lower layers of the soil.
Ammonium nitrate – granular, water-soluble fertilizer. It is hygroscopic. Contains 34% nitrogen. It is easily caked as it absorbs moisture. It acidifies the soil more than carbamide can mix it with superphosphate.
Used for root dressings for growing plants in early spring and summer. It is not recommended to make cucumbers and melons.
The weight of the active substance: in a liter jar contains 287 grams in a glass – 57 g, in a tablespoon – 4,4 g, in a teaspoon – 1,4 g.
Sodium nitrate white powder, soluble in water, contains 16% nitrogen. They are usually applied in the form of liquid dressings for beets and potatoes, for a season up to 30 gram at 1 m2. Grounds the soil.
Calcium nitrate a large-granular water-soluble cream-colored fertilizer contains 17% nitrogen. Very hygroscopic. It is used in the form of liquid dressings
For vegetable and flower bulbous cultures, for potatoes in the total amount up to 30 g / mg. This fertilizer basins the soil, so it is especially effective on acidic soils.
Ammonium sulfate white or gray crystalline powder soluble in water. Contains 21% nitrogen.
Substantially acidifies the soil. It is used for plants that prefer acidic soils, in the form of feeding in a dose of about 30g / mg. It should not be mixed with ash.
As practice shows, you need to buy three types of nitrogen fertilizers: urea – as the most concentrated (in addition, urea can be sprayed from apple and pear scab on sleeping buds, 4-6-percentage solution); ammonium nitrate – as containing nitrogen in ammonia and in nitrate form, which matters; calcium nitrate, and if it is not available, then sodium.
Nitrogen compounds are highly mobile in the soil. They are quickly washed by melt, rain and irrigation waters and the underlying horizons of the earth, reaching even groundwater.
Therefore, nitrogen fertilizers are introduced only in the spring in rows or holes during sowing and planting, and then in the form of fertilizing directly under the plant in the first half of summer, when their intensive growth takes place.
In the second half of the summer, the need for plants in nitrogen decreases. Moreover, for perennial plants excess nitrogen is harmful, because it slows down their growth, and they do not have time to prepare for the winter.
To be continued.
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