- Construction of houses using LSTC technology from Lindab steel structures (Lindab)
- How are the components for construction
- Below other entries on the topic “How to make your own hands – a householder!”
- Houses and Homes | Building Materials | Interior Construction of Houses
- Building materials
- Log cabin in Russia – copyright by Лесной Волк
- Building a house
- Stilt houses
- Interior construction
- Culture and Lifestyle
- Buy PDF Text- and Worksheets
- Steps to Building a House
- Check your financing options
- Locate the right lot
- Plan and design the home
- Hire professionals
- Home builder
- Interior designer
- Other professionals
- Understand the process of building a house
- Skip construction and buy renovated
- Shop Zillow-owned homes
- Building a house from the LSTC or how to build a summer house quickly
- 6 advantages of low-rise building construction from LSTK (light steel thin-walled structures)
- The technology of installing such a house
- Below other entries on the topic “Dacha and garden – with their own hands”
Construction of houses using LSTC technology from Lindab steel structures (Lindab)
One of the most interesting modern technologies for the construction of houses from metal structures – Lindab – is more often used for industrial buildings: factories, warehouses, shopping centers, car showrooms, sports complexes – with its help it is possible to block spans to 100 m long – today we will tell about it in Building materials.
However, in private house-building these structures are deservedly popular, and their main advantage is in the possibility of creating large, spacious rooms.
The fact is that the technology of Lindab metal structures does not require making any internal walls bearing, which gives complete freedom of planning, its independence from the length of the beams.
Partitions inside the house can be built as you , the corners of the rooms may not be straight, and the walls – rounded. Technology also leaves the possibility of quick and inexpensive redevelopment.
The planed beam, as a rule, does not exceed 6 m in length. It is just a single piece of wood made from a trunk. A glued beam composed of many dried planks can be considerably longer, but the cost of such beams will be much higher than that of metal structures.
Another unquestionable advantage of the metal in front of the tree is that the Lindab-based building remains unchanged throughout the life of the plant, as light metal structures, un wood, do not completely have a drying effect.
In the basic package of delivery with installation for the construction of a full-fledged house of metal structures using the LSTC technology, it usually includes:
- creation of an individual project or adaptation of an existing one;
- a skeleton with warming;
- roofing (metal tile);
- facade (PVC siding);
- warming of the attic;
- internal walls, ceiling (for finishing);
- engineering networks (sewerage, water supply, electrician).
Possible and options: for example, the roof is made in various materials – flexible tiles, corrugated board, ondulin and so on, the facade can be made of anything – facing bricks, lining or block house. One thing remains unchanged in the Lindab technology – the metal framework of the walls.
At first sight, The Lindab technology resembles the LSTC – light steel thin-walled structures, but Lindab differs in that it uses metal much wider.
Un other manufacturers that produce a limited range of profiles, Lindab offers the most comprehensive construction system, including load-bearing profiles for external and internal walls, partitions, inter-floor frames, rafters, steel roofing, roofing and wall coverings, solutions for ventilated facades, gutter systems, security systems and roof maintenance. Lindab – this is a real symphony of metal, the triumph of its strength and lightness.
The frame of the house consists of thermoprofiles – beams with very thin walls (from 0,6 to 3,0 mm) made of galvanized low-alloy steel. These beams surpass in terms of heat and sound insulation characteristics of wooden beams of similar dimensions.
Thermal insulation is created with the help of an interesting innovative method. The walls of the beams are staggered with longitudinal holes (perforation), they prevent the direct passage of heat flow through the metal, significantly increasing the thermal insulation.
The construction of buildings using this technology gives complete freedom to choose the facade cladding. The outer skin of the building can be made of any materials: natural wood, brick, plaster, sheet metal, stone and even glass.
Today, the most demanded technology of finishing has been the installation of ventilated facades.
Heat-saving properties of the hinged facade are given by an air gap that ensures air circulation, its uniform distribution throughout the wall area and the withdrawal of excess moisture.
The temperature of this air is higher than outside, so additional heat insulation occurs. In our climate this is especially true! In winter, during the heating season, this gives significant savings.
As a heater, mineral wool is used – a non-flammable material that does not absorb moisture and is resistant to deformation. It reliably retains heat and has good sound insulation properties. For plating internal walls, sheets of plasterboard are used, between which a layer of insulation is also laid.
As a roofing material in the basic set is offered a metal tile, which, all other elements of the house design, is developed within the framework of Lindab technology. The main advantage of such a coating is the illusion of individual small tiles, which is created with the help of a special profile, texture.
In fact, the width of a separate sheet of metal tile is about a meter, and the length is from 50 cm to 6 m. Moreover, the metal tile can be made in exact accordance with the roof dimensions, which will significantly reduce costs.
Sheets with an ideal profile geometry after laying look a single carpet of tile, with no visible joints and seams.
See also: House from the LSTK with your own hands (photo)
Integrated Lindab technology includes drains, which experts attach special importance. Reliable drainage systems encircle the roof of the house and protect the construction from rain and snow. Without them, damage to the walls and destruction of the foundation is possible.
The drainage system consists of pipes fastened together, supported by channels, funnels and knees that collect and direct water from the roof. External drainage systems are suspended from the roof or fixed to the walls. They come in three types: metal, plastic and metal with protective coatings. It is the latter and are used in Lindab technology.
Gutters, pipes, corners and other elements of the drainage system are made of sheet steel with a two-sided polymer coating thickness of 50 μm. For comparison: the thickness of a human hair is from 80 to 110 μm.
This special coating can withstand large temperature changes, which allows using it in almost any climatic conditions. The same polymer reliably protects the system from corrosion, the effects of aggressive external environment, ultraviolet radiation.
One of the important advantages of the coating is its wide color range and the ability to maintain an attractive appearance for decades.
Reference by topic: House of wild logs by Canadian technology
Drains easily and quickly installed, do not need adhesives or sealants, because they are manufactured with high accuracy. This allows you to quickly and accurately assemble the system.
Frame buildings of light metal structures are completely hermetic, which has its pros and cons. Of course, we can not talk about freely breathing walls, as in the case of wood, arbolit, saman and some other materials.
To ensure a complete cycle of building houses, ventilation technology was included in the technology. Of course, applying for universality, developers do not use the services of third-party manufacturers, but create their own devices.
The product line of Lindab Safe consists of air ducts, connectors, sealing elements and other parts necessary to create ventilation systems of any complexity.
Alas, as in any other case, a fly in the tar is in this barrel of honey. LSTK-constructions are no more durable than the usual frame house made of wood, which is taken away, as a rule, for 50 years. It would seem that the metal should last longer than the tree, but this is actually not the case.
Galvanized steel is oxidized not only when exposed to moisture, but also from oxygen contained in the air. Manufacturers of galvanized profiles give a guarantee for their products from 25 to 30 years with full observance of the operating conditions.
In the future, the strength of the structure is significantly weakened, which can even lead to its collapse.
Often for the lack of material mistakes are made by builders. It is very important that the transportation and assembly of the frame elements take place without damage to the metal profile, which could lead to subsequent corrosion and deformation of the structure. The wooden frame in this respect is more reliable and does not require so careful treatment.
The weak point is considered to be the fastening points for galvanized profiles. With a strong increase in load, for example from snow or wind, a thin metal breaks into fastener elements – screws or bolts. It will be rational to strengthen the fastening with additional metal plates, but only if the house is located in a place where there are often strong gusty winds.
Of course, the nodes in the wooden frame are stronger: they connect the structure so well that, under critical influences, the base of the structure will rather break down than the place of fastening.
It is also difficult to argue about greater ecological compatibility of wooden houses, but everyone must make a choice according to their priorities.
See also: Building a house from adobe
How are the components for construction
Metal parts of the frame are shot blasting. What does it mean? Metal is bombarded with tiny spherical particles, which are called shot. Each particle, a microscopic hammer, seems to shoe the surface, forming a layer with high compressive stresses.
It is known that in the zone with such stresses there is no corrosion, nor the nucleation or development of cracks. Thus, for example, the metal sheathing of the aircraft's wings is treated.
Thanks to this operation, the design acquires new properties: high strength and durability, despite the fact that the metal itself is quite thin. The frame of Lindab houses is made of the most durable steel that exists today.
The installation of the frame of the building on the basis of Lindab's LSTC is comparable to the assembly of a children's designer, all elements of which are manufactured with high accuracy and are connected with the help of self-tapping screws.
This simplifies installation, increases the reliability of structures, their durability and does not violate the protective coating on the elements.
This technology excludes “wet” processes during construction, and therefore, seasonal restrictions on the conduct of work.
Because of the lightness of the structures, there is no need to create a powerful foundation, a sufficiently unsharpened monolithic slab thickness of 150-200 mm – this advantage reduces the cost of the foundation.
On the construction site, the presence of lifting equipment is not necessary, and the installation is carried out by the 3-4 person. The construction is non-waste: all profiles are cut at the factory exactly in size and marked.
© Author S.Chehodayev
Below other entries on the topic “How to make your own hands – a householder!”
Houses and Homes | Building Materials | Interior Construction of Houses
Houses are buildings that people can live, eat and sleep in. They protect you from dangers and bad weather.
Most houses show the lifestyles, traditions and cultures of the people who live in them. Homes and houses have different shapes and sizes .
They are built of different materials that depending on the climate of the area you live in.
Long ago, people built homes with whatever building materials that they had. In Africa and some islands of the South Pacific they used grass or leaves that grew nearby. In the south-western part of the United States the Pueblo Indians used sun-dried bricks to build their houses.
Even though today you can transport materials all over the world, it is still easier and cheaper to use the materials that are at hand . There are four basic kinds of material that are used today.
In the northern part of North America and in northern Europe wood has been the main building material for many centuries . Early settlers in America built log cabins and in Scandinavia people designed wooden houses with large beams and balconies.
Log cabin in Russia – copyright by Лесной Волк
Brick is among the oldest and most popular building material . It lasts long and is easy to get. Brick is often used to build row houses . Early Dutch settlers brought bricks across the Atlantic to build their first houses.
Stone is the longest lasting of all building materials. Weather cannot destroy it so much and insects and animals cannot bore into it as they can into wood.
Stone has been used for many centuries because it cannot be destroyed by fire.
It has been used for all sorts of houses, from palaces to farmers' cottages
In modern buildings we use concrete instead of stone and brick. It is cheaper and can be produced almost everywhere.
Concrete is a mixture of sand , broken stones, water and other materials. Cement is added to hold it together.
Steel rods are often put into the concrete , to hold it together when buildings get higher.
Building a house
Before you actually build a house there a lot of things you must do first.
You must have a piece of land on which your house can be built, then you should ask an architect or builder to find out if there are any restrictions or limitations on building in the area.
A construction drawing of the house shows the size, order of the rooms, where doors and windows are and other details . Then you usually need a building permit to start building your house.
The foundation supports your house. Construction workers start digging holes for the footings , which support the walls of the house.
They are made by pouring concrete into forms that reach down below the frost line so that the house cannot move when it freezes in winter. The area that is below the ground is called the basement or cellar.
Many basements have extra rooms that are used for the house’s heating or for storage . Not all houses have basements, those in wet regions are often put on stilts .
The frame is the skeleton around which the rest of the house is built.
Workers put beams into the foundation that support the outside walls.
Slabs are the horizontal parts of the frame that separate the floors . When the frame is finished the walls are raised .
The roof protects the house from rain and sun. Some roofs are flat others are slanted to lead rain and snow down. They are built of different materials, depending on the climate and amount of rainfall.
When the outside of the house is finished you must start working on the interior . Windows, doors have to be built into the frame. Wires must be laid for electricity and power .
Plumbers install the pipes through which water flows through. A new house has to be insulated in order to reduce heating costs and to save money. Most houses have central heating system.
A furnace or boiler, mostly in the basement, warms up the water which then leads through pipes through the whole house. Cold water returns through the pipes and into the furnace where it is heated up again.
More and more houses install air conditioning to cool down in the summer months. Finally , the walls are painted and the rooms decorated .
Culture and Lifestyle
Home styles around the world are different because of culture and tradition. Western-style houses and buildings are found all over the world. With their simple design they are slowly replacing traditional houses in the Middle East and Asia.
In big cities where there is not enough space people often live in apartments.
They appear in all kinds of sizes and forms – from one-room apartments to apartments with balconies or terraces or even penthouses .
Town or row houses are often found in cities . They have separate street entrances but often share the same walls.
Many suburban residents live in single-family houses with their own yards and gardens. Sometimes they are built in groups that are owned and sold by a company.. In rural areas farmhouses usually stand alone, surrounded by fields, barns and huts.
In some parts of the world people don’t always live in the same place. They move their homes constantly . The Plains Indians in America took their tepees with them when they were following buffalo herds.
In Central Asia nomads live in tents which they carry with them . In other counties people live in houseboats on rivers. Mobile homes are becoming more and more popular , especially in America .
They can be loaded onto a truck and towed from one place to another.
Buy PDF Text- and Worksheets
- Houses and Homes – Text and Exercise Sheets
- amount = how much , quantity
- appear = to be seen
- at hand =available , something that exists
- barn = a large farm building in which you have crops or keep animal
- basic = main
- beam = a long heavy piece of wood or metal that is used to build houses
- bore = to make a deep hole into an object
- brick = a hard block of baked clay used for building walls and houses
- buffalo = an animal a cow with curved horns
- century = a hundred years
- concrete = a material that you get when you mix sand, stones, water and cement together
- constantly = always
- construction drawing = an exact plan for a building or a house
- cottage = a small house in the country
- decorate = to paint the inside of a room and make it look more attractive
- depend =directly affected or decided by something else
- design = plan, make
- destroy =to damage completely
- dig = to make a hole in the earth
- Dutch = the people or the language of the Netherlands
- electricity =the power that travels through wires and cables; it gives us light and heat and runs machines
- entrance = a door to get in
- footing = the bricks and stones that are under a building and hold it to the ground
- foundation = same as “footing”
- frame = the structure and main outside parts of a building
- furnace = heater, oven
- insulated = to cover something with a material that does not let heat or electricity from getting in or out
- interior = inner
- lay –laid = put, place, install
- lead = guide
- limitation =controlling or reducing something
- load = put on
- log cabin = a small house made of logs
- mobile home = a house that you can pull with a car from one place to the other
- own = to have
- palace = a large , beautifully decorated house
- penthouse = a very expensive and comfortable apartment on the top floor of a building
- permit = a written statement that gives you the right to do something
- pipe = a tube through which water or gas can flow
- plumber = someone who repairs water pipes, baths, toilets etc.
- popular = well d , common
- protect =defend, guard
- raise = to put up
- reach down = go down to
- replace = exchange; to use instead
- resident = a person who lives or stays in a certain place
- restriction = a rule or a law that controls what people can do
- row house = house that is part of a line of houses that are connected together
- rural = in the country
- separate =divide
- settler = someone who goes to live in a place where not many people have lived before
- shape = form
- share = here: have together
- size =how big something is
- skeleton =frame, structure of a building
- slab = a thick flat piece of hard material, stone
- slanted =slope, at an angle
- steel rod = a long thin pole made of steel
- stilt = a pole that support a building or a house above the ground or above water
- storage =to keep in a special place until you need it
- suburban = in a suburb
- support = hold up, keep up
- surround = to be around
- tepee = a round tent with a pointed top, used by Native Americans
- though =while
- tow = pull
- truck = a large car used to carry goods (British English: lorry)
- wire = thin long piece of metal through which electricity passes
Steps to Building a House
If you can’t find your dream home on the market or if you want to create a home that’s uniquely yours, you might consider building a house.
Buyers who decided to build new homes were more ly to say that selecting the floor plan, having everything in the home be brand-new and customizing their home features were among their top reasons.
* Before deciding if new construction is for you, you’ll want to learn about the different types of new-home construction and familiarize yourself with the process, from the initial land search all the way to selecting finishing touches.
Typically, when someone says they’re planning to build their own home, they are referring to a fully custom build where they have a say in almost everything (short of items restricted by local laws and zoning regulations). But, in the realm of new construction, there are three different approaches buyers can take:
Spec homes. With a spec home (short for speculative home), a home builder designs and constructs a single-family home without having one individual buyer in mind. Instead, they plan on selling the house to a buyer once it’s finished.
Depending on how early in the process you are able to go under contract, you may be able to select some of the home’s final touches, flooring, kitchen appliances and paint color. Sometimes these homes are listed for sale as “pre-construction.
Tract homes. With a tract home, a developer purchases a parcel of land and divides it into individual lots. Then, a home builder constructs all of the homes in that planned community.
Tract homes can be condominiums, townhomes or single-family homes. Most homes in the community will look similar, and shared amenities are common.
Similar to spec homes, you may be able to select some finishes in advance, depending on the timeline.
Fully custom homes. With a fully custom home, you typically find the land on your own then hire a builder to build your dream home. You have total control over the floor plan, layout and finishes, but the process requires a lot of decision-making, attention to detail and disciplined budgeting — custom homes can be expensive.
Since custom homes are the most complex new construction option out there, we’ll spend most of this article explaining the process.
Check your financing options
Once you’ve decided that building a custom home is the right choice for you, the next step is figuring out how you’ll pay for it — and a traditional 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage isn’t an option for custom home construction, at least not at first.
Unless you can pay for the entire build with cash, you’ll ly be looking for a construction loan, which is also sometimes called a self-build loan or a construction mortgage.
Getting a construction loan is often more difficult than getting a traditional mortgage, as you’re borrowing money for a concept and not a physical house.
You’ll need to provide your lender with a timetable, budget, floor plans, materials needed and extensive details to be considered. Other things to know about construction loans:
- They have variable rates that are often higher than typical mortgage rates.
- A 20%-25% down payment is usually required.
- The loan can include the land you’re purchasing or it can cover only the construction costs if you already own the land.
- There’s an opportunity to refinance into a traditional fixed-rate mortgage once construction is complete.
Locate the right lot
If you don’t already own the land you plan to build on, you’ll need to shop around for the right lot. A real estate agent can help you identify lots for sale in your area.
As you narrow down lots you , you’ll want to loop in your architect and builder to make sure the lot you select fits the needs of your home’s floor plan and design.
They should be able to help you check zoning laws and restrictions and identify any attributes of the lot that might make it more expensive to build on — for example, a steeply graded lot may require more engineering, or a lot in a remote area may necessitate a septic tank.
Plan and design the home
Figuring out the size, layout and style of your home is a big task, and it can happen before or after the lot is selected, depending on your individual plans.
When you’re building a custom home, the sky’s the limit, although you will need to keep in mind your budget and any limitations of your lot.
And, if you don’t plan on living in the home forever, consider how design decisions will affect the home’s future resale value.
The professionals on your team will be able to help you home in on the right style and layout, but it doesn’t hurt to get a feel for what you might want in advance. Drive around your area and identify homes you . Look for interior design inspiration online or research the latest smart home features to see if you think they’re worth the added cost.
Here are a few important design decisions that need to be made early on:
Number of bedrooms and bathrooms. How many people will be living in the house? Is your family growing, or are you downsizing? What about houseguests?
Single story vs. two story or more. Are there mobility issues that should be accommodated? Would a one-story home be easier for those with limited mobility living there?
Outdoor space. How important is outdoor space and how much should you have? The bigger the yard, the more maintenance involved.
Open concept or individual rooms. How open you want your house to be depends on your taste and lifestyle. Individual rooms give a more classic feel, while open concept homes are more modern.
Home style. What aesthetic do you want your house’s exterior to have? Tudor, Cape Cod, craftsman, colonial?
Interior design. Are you partial to modern design, a more traditional look or something in between? If you plan on using the same furnishings you have now, will they match the look of the new home?
Additional features. Think through other features that need to be decided on early in the process, smart home compatibility, eco-friendly materials or solar panels.
Future resale value. If you think you’ll sell the home at some point in the future, consider the home’s possible resale value. For example, if you add a pool or an upscale kitchen, will your home be priced too high for the neighborhood?
Building a home isn’t an easy task, and it’s rare to take on the entire project yourself. So, you’ll need to have several different professionals by your side to ensure your home is structurally sound, follows local code and suits your needs.
Hiring the right builder can make or break your custom home experience. Choose someone who is not only a licensed general contractor but also has a portfolio of custom homes and success stories in recent years.
To find your builder, you can ask for a referral from friends and family, search online, or ask your real estate agent for recommendations. A good builder will help with:
- Zoning laws, including acquiring permits
- Infrastructure needs, utilities and sewer
In most places, in order to even apply for permits, you’ll need architectural plans. Discuss the following details with your architect before they create your blueprints:
- Square footage
- Number of bedrooms and bathrooms
You may also want to hire an interior designer who can help with the finishes once the framing and structural elements are in place.
From flooring to bath tiles to fixtures, there are many design choices that need to be made, and it can get overwhelming for the average home buyer.
If you do plan on making all the interior design choices on your own, don’t wait until installation time. Start researching finishes and fixtures early so you can set your budget.
In addition to these key players, there are other professionals involved in the custom-home-building process. Many of these people are hired by your home builder or general contractor:
- Land clearing crew
- Structural engineer
- Inspector (from the city)
Understand the process of building a house
After the designs and blueprints have been finalized and your permits have been approved, that’s when construction starts and your home begins to take shape, generally following these steps:
1. Land prep
The first step in the construction process is getting the land ready. This includes clearing the area, digging trenches and making sure utilities are installed.
2. Footings and foundation
Your foundation will be made of poured concrete reinforced with steel rods.
Depending on the part of the country you’re building in and the design of your home, you may have a slab foundation, crawl space or a full basement.
No matter what kind of foundation is poured, it will be sprayed with a waterproofing material and inspected by the city before framing begins.
In the framing step, the bones of the home start to take shape. Framing includes the floor joists, subfloors, studs that form the walls and roof trusses.
During this step, the crew will wrap the house to protect it from moisture.
If construction is taking place during a rainy time of year, your builder may also install windows, roof shingles and siding during this step.
4. Plumbing, electrical and HVAC
Once the home is “dried in,” subcontractors will start installing the home’s major systems, including plumbing pipes, electrical wiring and heating and cooling ducts. Each of these steps requires signoff from a local inspector.
Your home’s insulation needs will vary by climate, but in general, insulation will be applied to exterior walls, basements, crawl spaces and attics. Fiberglass, cellulose and foam insulation are all options.
Drywall panels are hung with screws, taped and mudded, and a spray texture is applied. Then the new walls are primed with paint.
7. Interior finishes
In this step, most of the home’s interior features will be added.
This includes doors, baseboards, casings, window sills, stair balusters, kitchen counters and cabinets, bathtubs, vanities, and hard-surfaced flooring.
Interior painting and hardwood installation are sometimes done during this step, but they may be done later if there is risk of damage due to continuing construction.
8. Exterior finishes
Driveways, walkways, patios and final grading to direct water away from home will all be completed. Landscaping and exterior decorating happen during this step too.
9. Fixture installation
With the house close to completion, toilets, faucets, light switches, heat register covers, the hot water heater, the electrical panel and the HVAC systems are all installed. Many of these items require another round of inspection. Another task that happens in this step is the installation of glass fixtures mirrors and shower doors.
10. Flooring installation
Carpet and hardwood flooring are added in this late stage. Make sure to check with your builder on the status of your hardwood finishing process so you don’t accidentally damage them.
11. Final inspection
Once construction is complete, a final inspection will be conducted by a local building official. Upon passing, you’ll receive a certificate of occupancy, which gives you the green light to move in.
12. Final walkthrough
Before you move in, you’ll want to do a final walkthrough with your builder to identify punch list items that need to be repaired for the job to be considered complete. Common punch list items include electrical defects nonfunctioning outlets, damage to drywall and paint, or missing fixtures.
Skip construction and buy renovated
Building a custom home is a complicated process, and it can take well over a year depending on your location, lot complications, house size, laws and the permit-approval process. Another option is to buy a home that has already been renovated — you get a fresh and updated feel without having to do the work yourself.
Shop Zillow-owned homes
Buyers of Zillow-owned homes can be confident that the homes they buy have been professionally renovated by local contractors. With Zillow-owned homes, you can avoid the stress of a custom build and make yourself at home.
*Zillow New Construction Consumer Housing Trends Report 2019
Building a house from the LSTC or how to build a summer house quickly
And the second variant of construction is superior to the first one in all respects.
LSTC – light steel thin-walled structures. Construction technology from LSTC allows you to build quality affordable housing, and in a short time.
Metal in construction began to develop in the 18 century. Already in 1811, when the building of the Bread Market was rebuilt in Paris, a metal dome was erected, equal in size to the famous dome of the Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome. In 1889, the most famous steel construction appeared – the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
6 advantages of low-rise building construction from LSTK (light steel thin-walled structures)
- Light weight LSTK design: 7 square. The meter of the finished building on average weighs about 150 kg.
- There is no need to make a fully buried foundation: with a small weight of the building, you can do with a shallow, shallow or pile foundation.
- Saves time, materials and labor.
- Increased stiffness and cohesion of the structure: houses made of light steel thin-walled constructions are seismic resistant.
- Exceptional flexibility of building layout: it is not difficult to move certain partitions at the design stage. Walls and beam systems are easy to replace even in a built and habitable house.
- Variety of exterior finishes: the construction of light steel thin-walled structures is perfectly combined with any materials – brick, wood, stone, etc.
Steel structures of LSTK have a lot of advantages: they are stronger and more durable than wooden ones, they are not rotting, they are not afraid of sunlight and moisture, several times lighter in weight and quite comparable to wooden ones at a price.
The only and seemingly insurmountable restriction in the use of metal structures in housing construction for a long time was the high thermal conductivity of steel. The problem was successfully solved with the help of so-called thermo profiles of thin-rolled galvanized steel.
The idea is simple: in the thermoprofile made through slots of a special shape, which maximizes the way the heat spreads in the transverse direction. As a result, the thermal conductivity of a steel perforated thermoprofile approaches thermal conductivity
In this case, the strength of the profile and its resistance to deformation remain. Thus, it becomes possible to collect metal frames of residential buildings without fear of “cold bridges”, and thus successfully solve the problem of heat savings.
The technology of installing such a house
All metal structures are manufactured in the factory with high accuracy, which relieves builders of the need for fitting parts “in place”. The assembly is performed with the help of special self-drilling screws (improved self-tapping screws) – these connections do not loosen with time.
The steel skeleton of such a frame house (the frame of enclosing wall structures, floors of the ground floor and trusses) is assembled from thermoprofiles of various cross-sections, bearing elements of internal ceilings – from steel profiled beams.
Beams from a profile of different cross-section allow to cover rooms of considerable width without intermediate supports.
An ordinary two-storey cottage made of light steel thin-walled structures is assembled for 2-3 weeks by a team of 4 people without the use of heavy equipment.
All engineering communications are laid inside the partitions and ceilings. The frame is internally lined with various materials: OSB plates, plywood, plasterboard, etc. Inside the walls of the house, floors and roof, in the cells formed by the load-bearing elements of the frame, a heater is laid – usually sheets of mineral wool.
In order for the heater to be well ventilated and always in normal relative humidity, do not dampen not frost in winter, it is useful to arrange a so-called “ventilated facade” outside the house. Its load-bearing farms are also assembled from steel galvanized profiles (not necessarily “thermo”).
Outside the house can be made a standard finish: plaster, facing brick, artificial stone, tiles, etc.
LSTC metal profile – a good solution for those who are going to reconstruct or build an attic. Due to the low weight of the structures, it is not necessary to strengthen the bearing walls, and high-tech will allow to produce the work in the shortest possible time.
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